“While this was happening, the high priest questioned Jesus about his disciples and about his teaching. Jesus replied, “I have spoken publicly to the world. I always taught in the synagogues and in the temple courts, where all the Jewish people assemble together. I have said nothing in secret. Why do you ask me? Ask those who heard what I said. They know what I said.” When Jesus had said this, one of the high priest’s officers who stood nearby struck him on the face and said, “Is that the way you answer the high priest?” Jesus replied, “If I have said something wrong, confirm what is wrong. But if I spoke correctly, why strike me?” Then Annas sent him, still tied up, to Caiaphas the high priest.”, John 18:19-24 NET
• Are there Old Testament Scriptures that commanded or even allowed someone to strike someone who spoke to the High Priest as Jesus did or were they just following their own traditions?
• It is extremely ironic that Jesus was being brought before the high priest since Jesus was/is high priest in the order of Melchizedek and even more so the One who set up the entire priesthood from the beginning to worship Him.
• I think Satan must have tried to spark Jesus’ pride by this irony (and often) because if Jesus would have sinned once out of pride, Satan would have won and we would not have forgiveness of sins.
• I love that Jesus spoke in public, had nothing to hide, and wasn’t into information control. It’s so refreshing to be with people like this.
“Meanwhile Simon Peter was standing in the courtyard warming himself. They said to him, “You aren’t one of his disciples too, are you?” Peter denied it: “I am not!” One of the high priest’s slaves, a relative of the man whose ear Peter had cut off, said, “Did I not see you in the orchard with him?” Then Peter denied it again, and immediately a rooster crowed.”, John 18:25-27 NET
• From my understanding, Peter went into the meeting with John earlier on. So what could have happened is Peter could have gone into the meeting and gone back out in the courtyard for whatever reason. Maybe he was afraid or couldn’t take watching Jesus getting struck.
“Then Simon Peter, who had a sword, pulled it out and struck the high priest’s slave, cutting off his right ear. (Now the slave’s name was Malchus.) But Jesus said to Peter, “Put your sword back into its sheath! Am I not to drink the cup that the Father has given me?” Then the squad of soldiers with their commanding officer and the officers of the Jewish leaders arrested Jesus and tied him up. They brought him first to Annas, for he was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, who was high priest that year. (Now it was Caiaphas who had advised the Jewish leaders that it was to their advantage that one man die for the people.)”, John 18:10-14 NET
• So how did the Jews get a Roman cohort to arrest Jesus for them and bring Him to Annas, etc.? Perhaps they just paid them.
“Simon Peter and another disciple followed them as they brought Jesus to Annas. (Now the other disciple was acquainted with the high priest, and he went with Jesus into the high priest’s courtyard.) But Simon Peter was left standing outside by the door. So the other disciple who was acquainted with the high priest came out and spoke to the slave girl who watched the door, and brought Peter inside. The girl who was the doorkeeper said to Peter, “You’re not one of this man’s disciples too, are you?” He replied, “I am not.” (Now the slaves and the guards were standing around a charcoal fire they had made, warming themselves because it was cold. Peter also was standing with them, warming himself.)”, John 18:15-18 NET
• Who was this other disciple? I think it could have been Nicodemus.
• What would have happened if Peter had said He was a disciple of Jesus?
• Also, it seems Peter denied knowing Jesus so that he could get in or at least stay in the courtyard? At the very least, he would have to flee if he did admit to being disciple of Jesus and so he wouldn’t see the outcome. Jesus still predicted it though and Peter felt terrible about it afterwards so maybe it was more than just a logistical decision for Peter.
“So Judas obtained a squad of soldiers and some officers of the chief priests and Pharisees. They came to the orchard with lanterns and torches and weapons. Then Jesus, because he knew everything that was going to happen to him, came and asked them, “Who are you looking for?””, John 18:3-4 NET
• Jesus knew **everything** that was going to happen to Him and He was surrendered to God’s will about these things. It took severe prayer to get there! So instead of avoiding these men or walking right passed them as Jesus had done before, He initiated it with them! Being surrendered to God brings great boldness.
• I just can’t imagine how Jesus handled having this knowledge his entire life (or at least a lot of it). I don’t know if there was a point in time when Jesus learned and realized that this one going to happen to Him but if He did learn about it one day, think about how obtaining that knowledge may have impacted Him psychologically! Think about your life, if you knew this was how your life was going to end. Wouldn’t it be hard to not let if mess you up psychologically? It would be hard for me! I suppose it would help me focus on the eternal rather than the temporal!
“They replied, “Jesus the Nazarene.” He told them, “I am he.” (Now Judas, the one who betrayed him, was standing there with them.) So when Jesus said to them, “I am he,” they retreated and fell to the ground. Then Jesus asked them again, “Who are you looking for?” And they said, “Jesus the Nazarene.” Jesus replied, “I told you that I am he. If you are looking for me, let these men go.” He said this to fulfill the word he had spoken, “I have not lost a single one of those whom you gave me.” Then Simon Peter, who had a sword, pulled it out and struck the high priest’s slave, cutting off his right ear. (Now the slave’s name was Malchus.) But Jesus said to Peter, “Put your sword back into its sheath! Am I not to drink the cup that the Father has given me?””, John 18:5-11 NET
• It’s fascinating to me that those coming for Jesus retreated and fell to the ground. These were the Jews who didn’t believe that Jesus was the Messiah, Roman soldiers, and Judas. Now we don’t know exactly who it was who retreated and fell to the ground but it doesn’t make sense for *any* of these people to fall to the ground! It doesn’t make sense for the Jews to fall to the ground because they didn’t believe Jesus was the Messiah. It didn’t make sense for the soldiers to fall to the ground because they likely didn’t know anything about Jesus and likely didn’t know that Jesus saying, “I am” was referring to when God told Moses “I am”. It didn’t make sense for Judas to fall to the ground because he was betraying Jesus. So why did they fall down before Jesus? Jesus rocks, that’s why!
Righteous Father, even if the world does not know you, I know you, and these men know that you sent me. I made known your name to them, and I will continue to make it known, so that the love you have loved me with may be in them, and I may be in them.””, John 17:25-26 NET
• God’s love is more than just a feeling He has towards us! God’a love empowers those He loves.
“When he had said these things, Jesus went out with his disciples across the Kidron Valley. There was an orchard there, and he and his disciples went into it. (Now Judas, the one who betrayed him, knew the place too, because Jesus had met there many times with his disciples.) So Judas obtained a squad of soldiers and some officers of the chief priests and Pharisees. They came to the orchard with lanterns and torches and weapons.”, John 18:1-3 NET
“Judas then, having received the Roman cohort and officers from the chief priests and the Pharisees, came there with lanterns and torches and weapons.”, John 18:3 NASB
• To me, the NET Bible is quite different from the NASB in verse 3. The NET Bible makes it sound like Judas was the one who obtained the soldiers whereas the NASB makes it sound like the chief priests obtained the soldiers and sent them with Judas and the chief priests who were going to get Jesus. It may be a small difference but a difference nevertheless. This is another example of why I think it is crucial to look at other translations. Interestingly, other translations seem to favor the NET’s rendering of this passage:
“So Judas, having procured a band of soldiers and some officers from the chief priests and the Pharisees, went there with lanterns and torches and weapons.”, John 18:3 ESV
“So Judas took a company of soldiers and some temple police from the chief priests and the Pharisees and came there with lanterns, torches, and weapons.”, John 18:3 HCSB
““I am not praying only on their behalf, but also on behalf of those who believe in me through their testimony, that they will all be one, just as you, Father, are in me and I am in you. I pray that they will be in us, so that the world will believe that you sent me. The glory you gave to me I have given to them, that they may be one just as we are one – I in them and you in me – that they may be completely one, so that the world will know that you sent me, and you have loved them just as you have loved me. “Father, I want those you have given me to be with me where I am, so that they can see my glory that you gave me because you loved me before the creation of the world.”, John 17:20-24 NET
• This brings up the topic of the Father being greater than Jesus again. According to Jesus, the Father gave Jesus the glory He had even before the creation of the world (i.e., before Jesus became a human, or am not reading that correctly? If so, to me, this implies that the Father was greater than Jesus before (and including the time) Jesus became a man, which goes against what I was thinking yesterday, that is, that the Father was only greater than Jesus while Jesus was a man. Let’s look at how the NASB renders this passage to gain some insight:
“Father, I desire that they also, whom You have given Me, be with Me where I am, so that they may see My glory which You have given Me, for You loved Me before the foundation of the world.”, John 17:24 NASB
“Father, I desire those You have given Me to be with Me where I am. Then they will see My glory, which You have given Me because You loved Me before the world’s foundation.”, John 17:24 HCSB
“Father, I desire that they also, whom you have given me, may be with me where I am, to see my glory that you have given me because you loved me before the foundation of the world.”, John 17:24 ESV
• The question is when did the Father give Jesus His glory? And here is a brain twister: Did God make someone else God as well? I ask that question assuming that “gave glory” = “became God”, and that receiving all authority in heaven and on earth” = “being God”. (I am just thinking out loud as I read the Scriptures, and I am not stating any theological position).
“Righteous Father, even if the world does not know you, I know you, and these men know that you sent me. I made known your name to them, and I will continue to make it known, so that the love you have loved me with may be in them, and I may be in them.””, John 17:25-26 NET
“And I set myself apart on their behalf, so that they too may be truly set apart. “I am not praying only on their behalf, but also on behalf of those who believe in me through their testimony, that they will all be one, just as you, Father, are in me and I am in you. I pray that they will be in us, so that the world will believe that you sent me. The glory you gave to me I have given to them, that they may be one just as we are one – I in them and you in me – that they may be completely one, so that the world will know that you sent me, and you have loved them just as you have loved me.”, John 17:19-23 NET
• Again we see Jesus getting very particular in His prayer requests: “I am not praying only on their behalf, but also on behalf of those who believe in me through their testimony…”
• Jesus prayed for us!
• What does Jesus mean when He prayed that people who believed in Him would be one? One thing we know it means is that other people (the world) would notice that the believers were one, so in other words, whatever Jesus meant about being one would be something that can be perceived by people who are not Christians, something tangible.
• So has Jesus prayer about this already been answered or does that prayer continue even to our day?
“but we see Jesus, who was made lower than the angels for a little while, now crowned with glory and honor because he suffered death, so that by God’s grace he would experience death on behalf of everyone.”, Hebrews 2:9 NET
• The verses in John made me start contemplating the relationship between Jesus and the Father and Hebrews 2:9 flashed in my mind. It definitely supports the idea that when Jesus was a man, he was less than the Father but when He died for our sins and went back to the Father, He became equal with the Father as He was before He became a man.